AskDefine | Define subject

Dictionary Definition

subject adj
1 not exempt from tax; "the gift will be subject to taxation" [syn: subject(p)]
2 possibly accepting or permitting; "a passage capable of misinterpretation"; "open to interpretation"; "an issue open to question"; "the time is fixed by the director and players and therefore subject to much variation" [syn: capable, open]
3 being under the power or sovereignty of another or others; "subject peoples"; "a dependent prince" [syn: dependent]


1 the subject matter of a conversation or discussion; "he didn't want to discuss that subject"; "it was a very sensitive topic"; "his letters were always on the theme of love" [syn: topic, theme]
2 some situation or event that is thought about; "he kept drifting off the topic"; "he had been thinking about the subject for several years"; "it is a matter for the police" [syn: topic, issue, matter]
3 a branch of knowledge; "in what discipline is his doctorate?"; "teachers should be well trained in their subject"; "anthropology is the study of human beings" [syn: discipline, subject area, subject field, field, field of study, study, bailiwick, branch of knowledge]
4 something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation; "a moving picture of a train is more dramatic than a still picture of the same subject" [syn: content, depicted object]
5 a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation; "the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly"; "the cases that we studied were drawn from two different communities" [syn: case, guinea pig]
6 a person who owes allegiance to that nation; "a monarch has a duty to his subjects" [syn: national]
7 (grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the grammatical constituent about which something is predicated
8 (logic) the first term of a proposition


1 cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to; "He subjected me to his awful poetry"; "The sergeant subjected the new recruits to many drills"; "People in Chernobyl were subjected to radiation"
2 make accountable for; "He did not want to subject himself to the judgments of his superiors"
3 make subservient; force to submit or subdue [syn: subjugate]
4 refer for judgment or consideration; "She submitted a proposal to the agency" [syn: submit]

User Contributed Dictionary


Pronunciation 1

  • , /ˈsʌb.dʒɛkt/, /"sVbdZEkt/


  1. In a clause: the word or word group (usually a noun phrase) that is dealt with. In active clauses with verbs denoting an action, the subject and the actor are usually the same.
    “In the sentence ‘The mouse is eaten by the cat in the kitchen.’, ‘The mouse’ is the subject, ‘the cat’ being the agent.”
  2. The main topic of a paper, work of art, discussion, etc.
  3. A particular area of study.
    Her favorite subject is physics.
  4. A citizen in a monarchy.
    I am a British subject.
  5. A person ruled over by another, especially a monarch or state authority
Derived terms
Related terms
in grammar
  • Arabic:
  • Czech: podmět
  • Danish: grundled, subjekt
  • Dutch: onderwerp
  • Finnish: subjekti
  • French: sujet
  • German: Subjekt
  • Greek: υποκείμενο (ypokeímeno)
  • Icelandic: frumlag
  • Indonesian: subyek
  • Japanese: 主語 (しゅご, shugo)
  • Korean: 주어 (ju-eo)
  • Polish: podmiot
  • Portuguese: sujeito
  • Russian: предмет
  • Serbian: podmet
  • Spanish: sujeto
  • Swedish: subjekt
  • Telugu: కర్త (karta)
main topic
particular area of study
citizen in a monarchy


  1. Pertaining to a person or people who are ruled by another.
    The Roman Empire ruled many subject territories.


Pronunciation 2

  • , /səbˈdʒɛkt/|/sʌbˈdʒɛkt/, /s@b"dZEkt/
  • Rhymes with: -ɛkt


  1. To cause (someone or something) to undergo a particular experience, especially one that is unpleasant or unwanted.
cause to undergo

Extensive Definition

Subject may refer to:
  • A person or entity ruled over by another, especially a monarch or state authority:
Subject may also be:
  • An element in the method of modeling information called Resource Description Framework
  • subjects (programming), core elements in the subject-oriented programming paradigm
  • subject term, essence of the topic of a document (also index term or descriptor) in Information Retrieval
  • subject of labor, concept in Marxist political economy that refers to "everything to which man's labor is directed."
  • Subject heading, standardized set of subject headings for use in bibliographic records
  • In music, the first melodic fragment of a fugue
in culture:
Each an every topic you may talk about is taken as the subject .

See also

subject in Danish: Subjekt
subject in German: Subjekt
subject in Persian: فاعل
subject in Persian: موضوع
subject in French: Sujet
subject in Italian: Soggetto
subject in Dutch: Onderwerp
subject in Norwegian: Subjekt
subject in Japanese: 主体
subject in Russian: Субъект (значения)
subject in Albanian: Subjekti
subject in Slovak: Subjekt
subject in Finnish: Subjekti
subject in Swedish: Subjekt

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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